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6/28/2011

ningyoobue hatobue

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Doll Flutes 人形笛 ningyoobue、ningyoo no fue

fue ningyoo 笛人形

tsuchibue, tsuchi fue 土笛 clay flute

These are little clay dolls or pottery dolls in the form of dolls or legendary figures. There is quite a large repertoir of these dolls.

They are given to children as a talisman for good health.


They have a little mouthpiece at the back and make a simple sound

boo, boo, boo . . .

There are also flutes of this kind with animals, especially the 12 zodiac animals. The most famous is the
hatobue はと笛 / 鳩笛  pidgeon whistle, dove flute
see below


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Shitakawara yaki Tsuchiningyoo 下川原焼土人形
clay dolls from Shitakawara village

in Aomori, Hirosaki 弘前  town.


quote
These dolls appeared in 1810, when Tsugaru Yasuchika, the 9th lord of the Hirosaki domain, invited a potter Takaya Kinzo from the Chikuzen region of Kyushu. A kiln was then prepared for him at Shitakawara, where he produced daily necessities. As it snowed heavily in winter, potters could not make pottery during this time. Then Kinzo created earthenware dolls when he had no work to do, hence the beginning of the earthenware dolls in Shitakawara.



In the making of this doll, red earth and sand are mixed together to form clay, which is put into a plaster to shape the doll. It is then fired at high temperature for several hours, and then painted to create the finished design. Shitakawara dolls features
three colors of yellow, purple and red, which are applied on the pure white base color.
The pigeon whistles and the dolls of zodiac figurines, warriors and Manekineko (Lucky Cats) are famous. All are made in the traditional hand-making techniques that have been handed down for a long time.
source : nippon-kichi

. yurayura hatobue ゆらゆら鳩笛 .
Made by Abo san 阿保正志.

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Another kiln to make them is

Abo Masashi 阿保正志
青森県弘前市大字新里字上樋田

quote
A great page for figure flutes

Shitakawara Tsuchiningyoo 下川原焼土人形




盃・傘女・筆持ち・ 子守り・犬斜め・犬たて / 獅子舞・蛸・俵・纏い
source : tesigotosenka blog



. menbue, men no fue 面笛 masks as clay whistles .
from Aomori

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Daruma and the Doll Flute
弘前人形笛達磨



Copyright(C) 2004 大阪府立中之島図書館 
All rights reserved.


source : ningyodo.library.pref.osaka.jp


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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

. Reference .


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There is also a book of female haiku writers, called

Ningyoobue 人形笛 (1982年) Doll Flute

(現代俳句女流シリーズ)


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hatobue 鳩笛 pidgeon whistle, pidgeon flute

It sounds a bit like an Okarina, with a simple sound like
fuu fuu, poo poo

These toys are made in many parts of Japan. They are enjoyed by small children, who can blow these whistles endlessly.

As a talisman, it helps prevent damage to the harvest crops by insects.
It is also a protector of small children to stop them from choking.

In all shrinesd dedicated to Hachiman the doves are kept as sacred animals messengers of the deity.

. The Hachiman cult of Japan 八幡神社 .

It the town of Agano, Niigata, there are dove whistles made by the Yamaguchi family.



The clay body is painted white with gofun 胡粉 whitewash, and colored in red, blue and orange. Some have a blue had, some a white one.

. Yamaguchi clay toy 山口人形 .

Niigata, Agano city. Mizuhara village 新潟県阿賀野市水原



. cooing like a pigeon, hatobue 鳩笛 .
dove, pidgeon as KIGO


. Kagoshima Jingu 鹿児島神宮 Kagoshima Shrine .
with an old pidgeon whistle


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Tsuruoka Hachimangu no hatobue 鶴岡八幡宮の鳩笛
... pidgeon whistle from shrine Hachimangu


. Kanagawa Folk Art - 神奈川県 .

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鳩笛 テテップウ Teteppuu、

. Saga Folk Art -  佐賀県  .

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shirako hatobue しらこ鳩笛 / 白子鳩笛 white pidgeon flute

. Saitama Folk Art - 埼玉県 .

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hatobue from Toyohashi 愛知県豊橋市 Aichi

. Hatobue . . in this BLOG .


tsuchi no fue 土の笛 all kinds of clay flutes - reference
- source : kyoudogangu.xii.jp -

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吹いて見せて児に吹けるのは鳩の笛
fuite misete ko ni fukeru no wa hato no fue

I blow to show it
and let my child blow it -
this pidgeon whistle


. Ogiwara Seisensui (荻原井泉水) .

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夕けぶり鳩吹人にかかりけり
yuu keburi hato fuku hito ni kakari keri

evening smoke--
on the man playing pigeon flute
it hangs

Tr. David Lanoue

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evening smoke covers
a hunter hand-whistling
low cooing sounds

Tr. Chris Drake


This grimly humorous hokku is from the 24th of the 9th month (Nov. 1) in 1809, when Issa was traveling around to see poets living near his hometown. The note in the first volume of Issa's complete works (p. 513) and numerous Japanese dictionaries and works on haikai point out that hato-fuku means to cup your palms together and blow into the small opening between your thumbs so as to make sounds that resemble the cooing of doves and pigeons.

Traditionally mountain people in Japan practiced hand-whistling to help them communicate, and hunters used hand-whistling not only to fool doves and other birds but also, more commonly, to signal each other in complex ways while they were tracking deer and other animals. In this hokku some hunters seem to have been cooking supper or perhaps are keeping warm around a fire, but the wind shifts, and smoke from the fire blows over and envelops one hunter who is busy hand-whistling dove calls, perhaps sending a coded message to some comrades out in the dark. Inhaled smoke causes the hunter to make sounds very different from any sounds ever made by a dove. Issa presumably sees this as karmic justice.

There are some valuable hand-whistling tutorials on Youtube. It can be rather complex at the highest level and difficult to master. In Issa's time most children played instead with small painted clay flutes in the shape of pigeons/doves that made sounds resembling cooing, among other sounds. The sounds made by human hands and by clay instruments are different, however, and the two need to be clearly distinguished. Gabi has up some nice pictures of these clay toy flutes and charm flutes.

Chris Drake


. WKD : Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .


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. tsurushibina つるし雛 / 吊るし雛 small hanging hina dolls .




The dove as the messenger of God Hachiman. It is added with the wish for the child to grow up happily.




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. Japan after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011 .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Fukuoka
Ozaki ningyoo 尾崎人形 clay dolls from Ozaki

鳩笛 テテップウ Teteppuu、
.