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6/19/2017

Tottori kasuri ikat

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. Kasuri 絣 Ikat - Introduction .
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San-In-gasuri 山陰絣 San-In Kasuri - Ikat from Tottori 鳥取県



is a speciality of the San-In Area, located in the north-western part of the main Island of Honshuu.
The main production areas are in 広瀬 Hirose, 倉吉 Kurayoshi and 弓浜 Yumihama.

................................................................................ Hirose 広瀬  

Hirose-gasuri, Hirose Kasuri 広瀬絣



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島根県安来市広瀬町 Hirosemachi Nogigun, Yasugi City, Shimane Prefecture.
Characteristics:
Hand woven cotton fabric with "Kasuri" designs which look more like folk craft. One of the Three Figure Kasuri in the Sanin District. Designs are delicately woven. It was once praised as good for its large designs in comparison to the middle sized designs in "Bingo (Hiroshima Prefecture) Gasuri" and small designs in "Kurume Gasuri." Most of the designs are "Sho-Chiku-Bai"(Pine, Bamboo, Plum) and "Tsuru-Kame"(Crane,Turtle), both of which are regarded as being auspicious in Japan. The futon mat in which "Hirose Gasuri" is used was a bridal mat as well as a death mat. It was a custom for the bride to take a futon mat made with Hirose Gasuri to her bridegroom as one of the bridal items. After it was used on the wedding night the mat was carefully kept and was used again as a death bed for the same woman.
A special technique called "Makase" is used in this Kasuri weaving. The part to be left undyed is not marked with Chinese ink (as is usual in most Kasuri weaving) but it is copied onto the pattern paper.
Uses: Clothing, bedding, cushions
History:
Hirose Gasuri was originated in Hirose where a doctorユs wife started weaving it after she studied the technique of dyeing and weaving "Yumigahama Gasuri" in Yonago in the Bunsei Era(1818-30). After that, the production flourished as the feudal government protected it. In and after the Koka Era(1844-48), an official designer of the government created a large design, which became widely known as characteristic of Hirose Gasuri. Its production equaled that of "Kurume Gasuri" in the Meiji Period. In the Meiji Era starting in 1897, some changes in the loom(from low to raised looms) and the threads(from hand to machine spun) were made for mass production. However, a big fire in 1915 and the WWII damaged its production. It is being revived today by a man named Amano, who is good in the technique of Kasuri weaving.
- source : kimono.or.jp/dictionary/eng -




. Tsuru Kame 鶴亀 Crane and Turtle patterns - Introduction .



................................................................................ Kurayoshi 倉吉  

Kurayoshi-gasuri, Kurayoshi Kasuri 倉吉絣



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Characteristics:
Cotton fabric, in which thick indigo dyed threads are used for both warp and weft. Designs are mostly traditional patterns. The fabric is thick.
Uses: Clothing, bedding, cushions.
History:
The newest among the 3 types of Kasuri of Sanin (Tottori, Shimane and northern Yamaguchi Prefectures). The Kurayoshi Kasuri was first woven under the influence of "Kurume Kasuri" and "Yumigahama Gasuri" and widely traded throughout Japan in the early Meiji Period. The designs at first were woven only with the weft. Since the middle of Meiji Period complicated designs were woven in "double ikat" (dyed threads are used both for warp and weft). Farmers side jobs at first, it was mechanized and produced in large amounts in the end of the Meiji to the Taisho Periods. After the Taisho, production declined. There are signs, however, that the Kurayoshi Gasuri will be revived today.
- reference source : -




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........................................................................... Yumihama, Yumigahama 弓浜  

Yumihama-gasuri, Yumihama Kasuri 弓浜絣



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Yumihama-gasuri Textile 弓浜絣
Japan’s famous medieval warlord Hideyoshi Toyotomi was the man who ended the nationwide feudal wars and became the head of the entire nation in 1590. After his death, the Tokugawa Shogun family took over his reign and the Edo period began, lasting from 1603 to 1868. During this time, Japan enjoyed great societal stability. Furthermore, the provincial samurai lords had promoted industries and trades within their territories. It was a great time in history when many arts and crafts were born and flourished. These objects were actively traded among provinces. Both Tottori and Shimane prefectures are famous for Kasuri fabric and Yumihama-Gasuri, which is characterized by a nice contrast between white patterns and dyed indigo blue. Both of these fabrics became increasingly popular at this time.

Kasuri fabrics are made of natural cotton. Making the fabrics was an important daily job for women in the villages. They made beddings as well as clothes for all occasions. Fans, turtles, cranes, fish, chrysanthemums, treasures, etc. were favorite patterns used for Kasuri, which is loosely woven and has a natural feel. One can easily sense the love and wisdom of a woman who chooses a certain pattern to wish her loved ones good luck for a special life event. For example, a mother might choose an anchor for her young bride to safely settle down in her new sea (environment), or an eagle for her newborn child or grandchild to “fly bravely” into the future like a bird.

In the 18th century, Yumihama-Gasuri became a major industry in Tottori, thanks to the hardworking women in the farming villages. They attended cotton fields during the day, and made and wove threads at night. In fact, Yumihama-Gasuri was an important source of income for the families. There were about 54 weaving houses in 1836.

Later on, rapid industrialization made the time consuming Yumihama-Gasuri method almost obsolete, with a lack of skillful successors to keep the craft alive. However, thanks to the recent popularity of handmade objects, people began rediscovering the beauty of the mystic dancing of white and indigo colors, set on weavers that emanate love and warmth. Although production is still limited to this day, local organizations have been working to train the next generation of Yumihama-gasuri artists. They also make accessories such as bags, hats, coin purses, porches, table cloths and so on, which are more affordable, but still send you love and good wishes.

- - - - - 2-124 Higashimachi Tottori-shi Tottori-ken
- source : japan-brand.jnto.go.jp/crafts -




. The White Rabbit of Inaba 因幡の白兎 .
and Okuninushi no Mikoto (Daikoku)

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

Legends about Kasuri Ikat
Even animals like to wear it . . .

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秋田県 Akita 雄勝郡 Ogachi district

kongasuri コンガスリ / 紺絣 blue Ikat
Around 1899. Children wearind blue Ikat robes were abducted from the village. The roads were then closed over night.

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群馬県 Gunma 利根郡 Tone district みなかみ町 Minakami

kappa カッパ Water Goblin
Once a member of the 林家 Hayashi family came back after washing his horse in the river to cool it. He heard a strange sound in 馬の舟 the food box of the horse. A Kappa was there waiting for the horse to come back. The man let the Kappa run away without punishment. From that day on, every night the Kappa brought a barrel full of fish to the house.
Then one day when a Kimono with an Ikat pattern was hanging on the line to dry, the Kappa saw it and never came back.
Ikat is one of the things a Kappa dislikes. So if people want to bath in the river, they better wear a light Ikat-pattern Kimono.

. things a Kappa dislikes and fears 嫌物 .

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岩手県 Iwate 九戸郡 Kunohe district 軽米町 Karumi

zashiki warashi 座敷わらし child spook
They live in the 曲がり家 Magaria farm houses and wear robes with blue Ikat patterns. Some are boys, some are girls.
They bring good luck to the family that lives there, but they are never really seen. If people try to take a peek, the child disappears.
They are also called ザシキボッコ Zankibokko.



. zashiki warashi 座敷童子 / ざしきわらし girl spooks .
in Iwate, Tono, Tohoku / 岩手県遠野 に伝えられる精霊的な存在

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奈良県 Nara 橿原市 Kashihara

kitsune 狐 Fox
Once an old person went to the Shrine, when he saw a nice girl standing there. Her hair was made up and she wore an Ikat Kimono. She even had her teeth blackened and laughed with a strange giggle. It was in fact not a human, but a Fox.

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吉野郡 Yoshino district 十津川村 Totsukawamura

nozuchi 野槌 / tsuchinoko ツチノコ Hammerspawn
They creep up at people and kill them. Once an old man saw a very large Tsuchinoko which wore a robe wit an Ikat pattern.

. nozuchi 野槌 / tsuchinoko ツチノコ Hammerspawn .

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岡山県 Okayama 笠岡市 Kasaoka

koboozu 小坊主 a young priest
At midnight a young priest in a Kimono with Ikat pattern appeared. Even if it was night and he was far away, people could clearly see the Ikat pattern of his robe.
But coming too close, nobody was there after all.


source : blog.goo.ne.jp/mitoyawool

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滋賀県 Shiga 愛知郡 Aichi district 愛東町 Aito

tanuki たぬき Tanuki badger
Tanuki like to shape-shift in a woman wearing a Kimono with an Ikat pattern. If people turn around to have a second look at them, there is nobody to be seen.



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島根県 Tottori

At the local school a ghost was seen regularly. Below the school was a grave and in the evening a man wearing a Kimono with an Ikat pattern was seen walking around. He went up to the school and to the toilet at the back, straight into the room for the "big delivery". When people peeked inside, there was nobody to be seen, only a strange red flame.
Sometimes they even heard a sound from the toilet room.

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -




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